Single-Step Income Statement Definition, Format & Example

The single-step income statement provides a straightforward overview, summarizing revenue and expenses in one simple calculation, making it easier for potential creditors and partners to grasp the profitability quickly. Both formats serve as vital profit and loss statements, but the choice between them should be based on the specific informational needs and goals of the small business. The first step in creating a single-step income statement is defining the reporting period for the document so that all the data you’re presenting is comparable.

  1. Single-step income statement – the single step statement only shows one category of income and one category of expenses.
  2. Also, the single-step report it’s easier for readers without financial expertise to interpret, analyze, and understand.
  3. These goals should align with your business’s larger digital marketing strategy.
  4. Amanda Wood is a senior social marketing professional who combines analytical and creative thinking to build brands.

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Vanity metrics like number of followers and likes are easy to track, but it’s hard to prove their real value. Instead, focus on things like engagement, click-through, and conversion rates. Don’t make it so lofty and broad that it’s unattainable or impossible to measure. In the first section under Revenues, you’ll see each of Ford’s major revenue streams, including car sales under Automotive, Ford Credit, and Mobility. In the notes section of the 10-Q, the Mobility line refers to Ford’s autonomous vehicles and related business as well as its equity stake in Argo AI.

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Next in the cost and expenses section, you’ll notice where Ford is spending its cash. The bulk of those expenses fall under cost of sales, which is another name for the cost of goods sold. One of the first things that you will notice is that the report is using horizontal analysis. This is because the report is comparing the second quarter of 2020 to the second quarter of 2021 as well as the first half of 2020 and the first half of 2021.

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The price-to-earnings ratio, or P/E ratio, is another commonly used metric that factors in the company’s stock price in relation to EPS. When comparing companies, EPS and the P/E ratio can help differentiate two companies in the same category and help an investor make a more sound investing decision, but both use information provided through the income statement. Revenue is the amount of money the company brought in during the reporting period. With revenue, it may be important to note any trends to determine whether the company is making more money over time or if sales are slowing down. Like COGS, operating expenses are an integral part of the core operating activities of a company.

Step 2: Calculate Operating Income

An example of a non-operating expense is a lawsuit claim paid by the company as compensation to an aggrieved party after losing in a court case. Also, a non-operating income can be an insurance compensation paid by an insurance firm to the company’s account as settlement proceeds for damage or loss of a company’s asset. Investors also use the gross profit to determine the profitability of primary business activities and the general health of the company. When calculating gross profit, no other expenditures are included apart from the cash inflow from the sale of goods and cash outflow from the purchase of goods. Gross profit is the first section of a multi-step income statement, and it is obtained by deducting the cost of goods sold from the total sales.

It is called the single-step income statement as it is based on a simple calculation that sums up revenue and gains and subtracts expenses and losses. The multi-step income statement breaks down operating revenues and operating expenses versus non-operating revenues and non-operating expenses. This separates revenues and expenses that are directly related to the business’s operations from those that are not directly tied to its operations. A major drawback of single-step income statement is that it does not calculate the gross profit of a business. Instead, individual expense accounts are combined into broad categories like selling expenses, general and administrative expenses, and cost of goods sold. An alternative income statement format that does not combine the operating and nonoperating amounts and shows explicitly the company’s gross profit and operating income, is the multiple-step income statement.

Oh, and if you need examples of smart social media goals, we’ve got you covered there too. Investors and financial analysts also use the income statement to derive popular financial ratios like Earnings Per Share (EPS). Amanda Bellucco-Chatham is an editor, writer, and fact-checker with years of experience researching personal finance topics.

Therefore, the net income factors in non-operating items such as interest expense, other non-operating costs such as non-recurring losses from inventory write-downs, and income taxes paid to the government. The net income metric is inclusive of all costs – operating and non-operating costs – in contrast to the operating profit metric, which only accounts for operating costs doctrine of capital maintenance (i.e. COGS and Opex). To understand the above formula with some real numbers, let’s assume that a fictitious sports merchandise business, which additionally provides training, is reporting its income statement for a recent hypothetical quarter. Also called other sundry income, gains indicate the net money made from other activities, like the sale of long-term assets.

A multi-step income statement is more detailed and calculates the gross profit and operating income of the business using multiple calculations and an itemized breakdown. Single-step income statement – the single step statement only shows one category of income and one category of expenses. This format is less useful of external users because they can’t calculate many efficiency and profitability ratios with this limited data.

The frequency can vary, but usually, companies prepare income statements either quarterly or annually. The income statement is a good entry point to understand and evaluate a company’s revenue and costs, but it’s important to keep in mind that it’s not a document that can tell the full story. This type of analysis can be useful when comparing with other companies in the industry. Earnings per share is a measure that compares a company’s net income compared to the outstanding shares.

The multi-step income statement categorizes operating and non-operating incomes and expenses. The users will know the profit earned from the primary activities of buying and selling goods and how it differs from the non-operating activities. An income statement is one of the three important financial statements used for reporting a company’s financial performance over a specific accounting period. The other two key statements are the balance sheet and the cash flow statement. Single-step income statements calculate the business’s net income by subtracting losses and expenses from gains and revenue. These statements don’t have a high level of detail and are useful when making an assessment that depends on profits or net income.

It shows how profitable a company is in manufacturing or selling its products. Gross profit is used by creditors to show the company’s ability to meet arising debt obligations and to pay back outstanding credit. Given the gross profit of Apple for each period, the next step is to subtract operating expenses to determine the company’s operating profit in each fiscal year. Starting off, the gross profit is equal to the revenue generated by a company in a pre-defined period minus its cost of goods sold (COGS), which are the direct costs incurred as part of its core business operations.

A social media audit is the best way to review and improve any social marketing strategy. You’ll want to check the performance of all your channels at least once a week and get to know the basics of social media reporting so you can track your growth over time. Your social media marketing strategy is a hugely important document for your business, and you can’t assume you’ll get it exactly right on the first try. If you’re not sure what to post, here’s a long list of social media content ideas to get you started. Or (to make it even easier) you can use an AI tool like OwlyWriter to generate on-brand content in a flash.

There are two different ways of preparing this template depending on the company’s size and requirements. The multi-step Income statement template provides a more detailed picture than the single-step template. This template should be prepared carefully as it serves as a base for various financial decisions. The income statement shows the total revenue attributable to the primary activities of the business, excluding revenues from non-merchandise-related sales.